Saturday, June 4, 2011
Alkenes & Alkynes
carbon is able to form double/triple bonds with other carbon atoms
when multiple bonds are formed, less hydrogen will attach to the carbon atom
naming rules are similar to alkanes, the only difference is "ene"
, hydrocarbons with one or more double bonds between carbon atoms which leads to an "unsaturated" hydrocarbon.
Ex: CH2=CH2 ethene
CH2=CzH- CH3 propene/propane
Ex: Name the following compound.
Trans & Cis Butene
if 2 adjacent carbons are bonded by a double and have side chains attached to them, it is possible for 2 compounds to be made
, with one or more triple bonds located between carbon atoms leads to an "unsaturated" hydrocarbon.
The ending is changed from "ane" for alkane and "ene" for alkene to "yne" for alkyne.
Check out this link for some extra help!
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