- Hydrocarbon ---> A compound containing only hydrogen and carbon
- They are saturated because each Carbon atom is bonded to the maximum possible number of other atoms
- Carbon atoms are bonded by single bonds
- the names of hydrocarbons end in '-ane'
Name of parent compound chain
- The name is of the hydrocarbon is determined by the number of carbon it has
- Alkane formula = CnH2n+2
Alkyl (Branched Hydrocarbons)
- Alkyl is an alkane which has lost one hydrogen atomeg. CH4----> Ch3-
- Naming: changing the "ane" ending of the original hydrocarbon to "yl"
eg. methane = CH4 ----> Methyl CH3-
Rule of Naming Alkyl
- include the carbon number at which the alkyl group is attached- a dash
- the name of the alkyl group
- finally, the name of the parent hydrocarbon chain, to which the alkyl group is attached
CH3 This is called 2-methylpentane